Which is the most biodiversity forest in Kerala?
The Periyar Tiger Reserve with and extent of 777 sq km is the most well known Protected Area in Kerala.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there?
There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
What are the 3 biodiversity hotspots?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
How many forests are there in Kerala?
There are 28 vegetation types in the state, but the existence of most is doubtful. 51% of the total forest cover is in the southern districts and the remaining 49 percent is in the central and northern regions.
Types of forests found in Kerala.
|#||Forest Type||Area (lakh ha.)|
How many trees are in Kerala?
Flora of Kerala
Overall, Kerala’s forests are home to more than 1,000 species of trees.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India in 2021?
Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands).
What are biodiversity hotspots 12?
Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.
What are biodiversity hotspots 10?
The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.
Which Indian state has maximum biodiversity?
The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Asia?
Braimoh and Wendy Elliott. Southeast Asia is a bio-cultural hotspot encompassing about 20 per cent of global plant, animal and marine species. The region contains three mega diverse countries — Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines — where four of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots are located.
Which state has the most biodiversity in India?
Madhya Pradesh, is endowed with rich and diverse forest resources. It is a reservoir of biodiversity. The forest area of the state constitutes 31% of the geographical area of the state and 12.44% of the forest area of the country.
What are 5 hotspots in the world?
Hispaniola is among the Caribbean islands comprising a biodiversity hotspot.
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in the world in 2021?
There are currently 36 recognized biodiversity hotspots. These are Earth’s most biologically rich—yet threatened—terrestrial regions. To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, an area must meet two strict criteria: Contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else on Earth (known as “endemic” species).
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Assam?
Assam has the distinction of having 2 UNESCO World Heritage sites (Manas and Kaziranga) 2 Biosphere Reserves (Dibru-Saikhowa and Manas) 4 Tiger Reserves (Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri and Rajib Gandhi Orang National Parks) and 5 Elephant Reserves.