The Amazon Rainforest is thought to contain half of the world’s species in its canopy alone and has the highest level of biodiversity in the world. This is because its complex ecosystems contain a number of layers and different communities that have their own unique wildlife and plant life.
Is rainforest the richest ecosystem?
Tropical rainforests together are Earth’s richest terrestrial ecosystem, with 50 % of all known species of plants and animals.
Why rainforest has high species richness?
Climate: because rainforests are located in tropical regions, they receive a lot of sunlight. … Since there is a lot of sunlight, there is a lot of energy in the rainforest. This energy is stored in plant vegetation, which is eaten by animals. The abundance of energy supports an abundance of plant and animal species.
Why is the rainforest such a valuable ecosystem?
Rainforests are often called the lungs of the planet for their role in absorbing carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, and increasing local humidity. Rainforests also stabilize climate, house incredible amounts of plants and wildlife, and produce nourishing rainfall all around the planet.
What is a rainforest ecosystem?
A rainforest ecosystem is composed of tall evergreen trees. Rainforests are featured with heavy annual rainfall, high average temperature, poor quality soil due to lack of nutrients, and rich in biodiversity.
What is a rainforest Why is rainforest known as the lungs of the Earth?
Tropical rainforests are often called the “lungs of the planet” because they generally draw in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen. But the amount of carbon dioxide they absorb, or produce, varies hugely with year-to-year variations in the climate.
Why tropical rainforest has a large population of animals?
Answer: The tropical rainforest has a large population of animals because continuous warmth and rain in this region support wide variety of plants and animals.
How do tropical rainforest ecosystems differ from other forest ecosystems?
A forest ecosystem must receive over 60 inches of rain per year to be considered a rainforest. … The tropical rainforest biome is home to over 50 percent of all known species of living things, the vast majority of which live in the canopy. The temperate rainforest biome has fewer species due to its cooler climate.
Why is the biodiversity of a tropical rainforest very high quizlet?
Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. Soil nutrient is poor in tropical rain forests because the sunlight that is intended to reach the floor of the tropical forest is blocked by the tall and dense trees.
Why are tropical rainforests so interesting to scientists and so potentially valuable to human society?
Scientists sometimes call rainforests the “lungs” of Earth. Their millions of trees take in huge amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. They make much of the oxygen humans and animals depend on. … Rainforests also help maintain Earth’s climate.
What are the benefits of the Amazon rainforest?
The rainforest helps suppress — but not completely eliminate — the risk of fire, in addition to reducing air pollution. Fish in Amazon tributaries are a huge source of protein in the region. Annual floods replenish nutrients in floodplain areas used for agriculture.
What are the rainforest in the world?
17 Biggest and Popular Rainforests in the World
- Amazon Rainforest (South America) …
- Congo Rainforest (Africa) …
- Valdivian Temperate Rainforest (South America) …
- Daintree Rainforest (Australia) …
- Southeast Asian Rainforest (Asia) …
- Tongass National Forest (North America) …
- Kinabalu National Park (Malaysia)
Is tropical rainforest ecosystem?
Tropical Rain Forest. … Rainforests are Earth’s oldest living ecosystems, with some surviving in their present form for at least 70 million years. They are incredibly diverse and complex, home to more than half of the world’s plant and animal species—even though they cover just 6% of Earth’s surface.
What type of ecosystem is tropical rainforest?
The tropical rainforest is a hot, moist biome where it rains all year long. It is known for its dense canopies of vegetation that form three different layers. The top layer or canopy contains giant trees that grow to heights of 75 m (about 250 ft) or more.
What type of ecosystem is the Amazon rainforest?
The Amazon is a tropical rainforest ecosystem that encompasses the vast Amazon River drainage basin. The Amazon ecosystem covers eight countries, is approximately the size of the lower 48 United States and represents the largest continuous tract of tropical rainforest in the world.