Ecuador is one of the 17 megadiverse countries of the world. This diversity is due to the location of the country in the neotropics, the presence of the Andes and the influence of the ocean’s currents on its coasts.
What is known about the biodiversity in Ecuador?
Ecuador is considered one of the most biodiverse countries in the world (one of the 17th most diverse), due to the high diversity of their natural species. The country has around 23.056 taxonomic species of animals and plants reported, which constitutes the 6,1% of all species reported worldwide.
Does Ecuador have a lot of biodiversity?
Despite its relatively small size, it hosts approximately 10% of the world’s biodiversity. Transected by both the equator and the Andean mountain chain, and bordered by the Pacific Ocean, Ecuador encompasses four distinct regions each with its own natural and cultural beauty, charm and value.
Is Ecuador a biodiversity hotspot?
As a result, it is considered a biodiversity hotspot, a distinction no region wants. … Ranked among the 25 most important concentrations of biodiversity on the planet, Ecuador’s forests are also among the most severely threatened areas on Earth.
What are the causes of the country’s biodiversity?
8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!
- Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
- Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
- Invasive Species: …
- Pollution: …
- Global Climate Change: …
- Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
- Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
- Species extinction:
What country has the most ecosystems?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What are the ecosystems of Ecuador?
Ecuador is home to four major ecosystems:
the rough and jagged landscapes surrounding the towering Andes, the misty and mysterious cloud forests, the tropical rainforests of the Amazon, and the sunny, white-sand Galápagos Islands.
Why are the Galapagos Islands so diverse?
The Galapagos Islands are so biodiverse because of the many different habitat zones that can be found across the Islands. There are coral reefs, highland forests, sand dunes and scrubland, and the changing habitats from island to island. Species diversity is only one piece of the biodiversity puzzle.
What are mega biodiversity countries?
The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species.
In alphabetical order, the 17 megadiverse countries are:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Where is the country of Ecuador?
Ecuador, country of northwestern South America. Ecuador is one of the most environmentally diverse countries in the world, and it has contributed notably to the environmental sciences.
Where is Tumbes Choco Magdalena?
The region extends from easternmost Panama to the lower Magdalena Valley of Colombia, and along the Pacific coast of Colombia and Ecuador to the northwestern corner of Peru.
Why is Tumbes Choco Magdalena a hotspot?
Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena is a biodiversity hotspot, which includes the tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests of the Pacific coast of South America and the Galapagos Islands. … The factors that threaten Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena are farming encroachment, deforestation, illegal crops, and population growth.
Is Galapagos part of Ecuador?
The Galapagos Islands are part of Ecuador although they lie in the Pacific Ocean about 960 km to the west of mainland South America.
Why is there a low species diversity in the desert?
Biodiversity is low in hot desert ecosystems. There are far fewer species supported by the extreme climate compared to other biomes. This is due to the high temperatures, low rainfall and a lack of available water. … A small change in biotic or abiotic conditions can have a significant impact on the ecosystem.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
Why do we need biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.