Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Where is the most biodiversity found on Earth?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why is the most biodiversity found near the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.
Where in a forest are you most likely to find the greatest biodiversity?
Tropical rainforests are found right around the equator. Some argue that a uniform climate in regards to temperature is important for biodiversity. The amount of available energy or productivity is also thought to contribute to diversity, and tropical rainforests have a large amount of both.
Where is the least biodiversity found?
The tundra is the biome with the least biodiversity.
Is there more biodiversity on Earth near the equator or pole?
Species diversity is higher at the equator than at the poles. In biological terms, this is referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), in which the number of species increases from the poles to the Equator. This ranks among the broadest and most notable biodiversity patterns on Earth.
Why is there higher biodiversity in the tropics?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Would you expect to find greater biodiversity near Earth’s poles or near the equator explain your answer?
Would you expect to find greater diversity near Earth’s poles or near the equator? Toward the equator because of latitudinal gradient. … Organisms have been going extinct for all of Earth’s existence.
Which has more biodiversity a rainforest or a desert?
The biodiversity of these two biomes is vastly different. Both biomes have warm climates, but the desert is very dry, and the rainforest is very wet. The desert has very few organisms, so it has low biodiversity. … In contrast, the rainforest has the highest biodiversity of any biome on Earth.
Which biome has the highest biodiversity the lowest why?
Tropical forests are widely considered to have the greatest species diversity of the terrestrial biomes and the tundra biome has the least.
In which biome is the highest biodiversity found quizlet?
Which biome has the most biodiversity? the rainforest because it is located near the equator and has a perfect climate for a variety of organisms.