The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is biodiversity in simple words?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What is biodiversity and its type?
Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
What is biodiversity with example?
Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
How do you explain biodiversity to a child?
Biodiversity is the rich variety of life on Earth. There’s variety in genes, variety among species, and a variety of ecosystems. Everything is interconnected, or dependent on everything else!
What is biodiversity explain its importance?
Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. It is the number of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms. … Increase ecosystem productivity; each species in an ecosystem has a specific niche—a role to play. Support a larger number of plant species and, therefore, a greater variety of crops.
Why is biodiversity important to ecosystem?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. … Our tourism industry also depends on biodiversity .
What is biodiversity class 11th?
In simple terms, biodiversity is the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region. … It relates to the variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between the species and that within and between the ecosystems.
What are 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
Why is biodiversity important essay?
Biodiversity is extremely important to maintain the ecological system. Most Noteworthy many species of plants and animals are dependent on each other. … Moreover, it is important for humans too because our survival depends on plants and animals. For instance, the human needs food to survive which we get from plants.
What is the difference between biodiversity and environment?
Biodiversity is the biological variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. An ecosystem (or ecological system) consists of all the organisms and the physical environment with which they interact.
What is biodiversity class 8?
Biodiversity means biological variety.It refers to the variety of organism(plants,animals and micro-organism) found in a particular area or habitat. The presence of a large number of organism found in a particular area is called biodiversity.