What are the ecosystems of Central America?
Ecosystems in the region include tropical moist forest, tropical dry forest, montane oak-bamboo forest, montane pine-oak forests, high elevation conifer forest and coastal dunes (Olson et al. 2001). Tropical moist and dry forests are the most widespread, but montane forest types are common in most countries.
What are the 3 main regions of Central America?
Middle America, the geographic realm between the United States and the continent of South America, consists of three main regions: the Caribbean, Mexico, and the Central American republics.
What are the ecosystems found in Latin America?
Rain forest, desert, and savanna are all found in the region. The vegetation varies from rain forests to grasslands and desert scrub. It ranges from the thick trees of the rain forests to mosses of the tundra. This variety of climate and vegetation is due to several factors.
Is all of Central America tropical?
The climates of Central America are essentially tropical, tempered by proximity to the sea, by elevation, by latitude, and by local topography; in consequence, they may vary substantially over short distances.
What forest is in Central America?
The “five great forests” of Mesoamerica are the Maya Forest in Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize; the Moskitia in Nicaragua and Honduras; the Indio Maíz-Tortuguero in Nicaragua and Costa Rica; the Talamanca Region in Costa Rica and Panama; and the Darien in Panama and Colombia.
What are the main geographical features of Central America?
Central America is a land bridge connecting the North and South American continents, with the Pacific Ocean to its west and the Caribbean Sea to its east. A central mountain chain dominates the interior from Mexico to Panama. The coastal plains of Central America have tropical and humid type A climates.
What physical features are found in Central America?
Important mountainous areas are the Sierra Madre in Guatemala and Mexico, the Mapa Mountains in Belize and Guatemala, the Montanas de Comapagua of Honduras, the Cordillera Isabelia of Nicaragua, the Cordillera Talamanca of Costa Rica and Panama and the Cordillera Central in Panama.
What are the important landforms in Central America?
3 major landforms regions make up Central America:
- mountainous core.
- Caribbean lowlands.
- Pacific coastal plain.
What two types of ecosystems are located in Latin America’s highland climate regions?
The two ecosystems located in the highlands of Latin America are coniferous forests and deciduous forests. Coniferous forests stretch across the mountains of Central America.
What economic resources minerals and valuable resources can be found in Central and South America?
Gold, silver, iron, copper, bauxite (aluminum ore), tin, lead, and nickel—all these minerals are abundant in Latin America. In addition, mines throughout the region produce precious gems, titanium, and tungsten. In fact, South America is among the world’s leaders in the mining of raw materials.
What is the main climate of Central America?
Central America’s climate is characterized by a wet and dry season. The wet season runs from May to November. The mountainous regions of Central America offer cooler climates. Central America also sees very violent thunderstorms.
What crops grow in Central America?
Bananas, corn, sugarcane, rice, coffee and vegetables are the primary crops in this nation where agriculture makes up 6.2% of GDP.
What animals inhabit the rainforest in Central America?
10 amazing rainforest animals in Central America
- COLORFUL MACAWS.
- DRAGON-LOOKING LIZARDS.
- THE KINKAJOU.
Is Jamaica in Central America?
Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama; Caribbean and Bahamas: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago.