You asked: Why developing countries like Ethiopia are adversely affected by climate change and variability?

Ethiopia is mainly at risk to climate change and variability because of its greater reliance on climate sensitive economic sectors like subsistence crop cultivation and livestock production. In addition, a large part of the country is arid and semiarid and is highly prone to desertification and drought (NMA, 2001.

How is Ethiopia affected by climate change?

Climate change is expected to increase heatwaves, droughts, flooding, and sea levels around the world, and also cause important health risks in Ethiopia. … This threatens health, livelihoods and the progress that Ethiopia has made in recent years.

Why is Ethiopia vulnerable to climate change?

The country’s vulnerability to climate change is further increased by high levels of poverty, rapid population growth, and reliance on rain-fed agriculture. In addition, high levels of environmental degradation, chronic food insecurity, frequent natural drought cycles, etc.

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What are the factors that affect climate in Ethiopia?

The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.

How does climate affect the development of a country?

Climate change aggravates the effects of population growth, poverty, and rapid urbanisation. Without serious adaptation, climate change is likely to push millions further into poverty and limit the opportunities for sustainable development and for people to escape from poverty.

What are the main cause and effects of climate change in Ethiopia and the Horn?

… respect to causes of climate change, the respondents rank deforestation 83 (45.6%), rapid population growth 56 (30.7%) and agricultural expansions 21 (11.5%) are the top three main causes of climate change in Ethiopia followed by air pollution 12 (6.6%).

What are the major environmental problems in Ethiopia and explain them?

With the exception of climate change, the major environmental issues affecting Ethiopia are soil erosion and land degradation, deforestation and forest degradation, water scarcity, biodiversity loss, and various types of pollution.

Why seasonal variability of rainfall and temperature occurs in Ethiopia?

The interannual rainfall in Ethiopia is highly variable during all seasons. Previous studies [4,7,8,13] observed that this variability is basically influenced by large-scale phenomena (e.g., ENSO), while other studies based on modeling suggested SSTs of Indian and Pacific oceans influence Ethiopian rainfall [18].

What is Ethiopia climate?

Overall, Ethiopia is considered largely arid, but exhibits a high variability of precipitation Ethiopia’s climate is generally divided into three zones: 1) the alpine vegetated cool zones (Dega) with areas over 2,600 meters above sea level, where temperatures range from near freezing to 16°C; 2) the temperate Woina …

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Why is Ethiopia at risk of drought and desertification?

In summary, climate change leading to global warming and reduced rainfall, coupled with population pressure, deforestation and change in land use are all major factors in the increasing risk of drought in Ethiopia.

Which geographical factors is more important to the climate of Ethiopia?

Importantly, Ethiopia’s climate varies with elevation (Fig. 3). Elevation is the most important determinant of the average annual temperature of the country with a reduction of 0.5–0.7 °C per 100 m increase in altitude (Liljequist, 1986).

Is Ethiopia hot or cold?

Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.

Is the climate of Ethiopia uniform throughout the country?

As a result of its position and its varied topography, Ethiopia’s climate varies – broadly speaking – from tropical in the north-eastern lowlands and south-eastern lowlands to temperate and cool in the highlands.

Why developing countries are the most affected by climate change?

Yet, most of developing countries are strongly vulnerable affected by the climate change impact due to the countries’ population, dynamical profit, natural resources, poor condition, and their land declination 2013 International Conferences on Geological, Geographical, Aerospace and Earth Sciences IOP Publishing IOP …

Why is climate change worse in developing countries?

Poor people in developing countries will feel the impacts first and worst (and already are) because of vulnerable geography and lesser ability to cope with damage from severe weather and rising sea levels. In short, climate change will be awful for everyone but catastrophic for the poor.

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Why are developing countries more vulnerable to climate change?

While global leadership on climate change will require multi-faceted policy solutions, there is consensus that extreme weather and disruption from drought, flooding, and conflicts over natural resources disproportionately affect the developing world, particularly the poor and most vulnerable including women and …