What are the most important characteristics of the hot wet equatorial climate?

The most outstanding feature of the equatorial climate is its great uniformity of temperature throughout the year with no winters. The average monthly temperatures are about 26 – 28 degrees Celsius, with small annual range of temperature ~ 3*C & fairly greater diurnal range of temperature ~ 12* – 15*C.

What are the main characteristics of equatorial climatic region?

The Equatorial Climate is characterised by hot average temperature all year round and high monthly precipitation, typically no less than 60 mm a month with annual precipitation tending to be over 2000mm. The diurnal temperature range is greater than the annual temperature range.

What are the characteristics of the equator?

It is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole, at 0 degrees latitude. An equator divides the planet into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere. The Earth is widest at its Equator. The distance around the Earth at the Equator, its circumference, is 40,075 kilometers (24,901 miles).

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What are the characteristics of the equatorial rainforest?

Characteristics of tropical rainforests

  • Very wet with over 2,000 mm of rainfall per year.
  • Very warm with an average daily temperature of 28°C. The temperature never drops below 20°C and rarely exceeds 35°C.
  • The atmosphere is hot and humid .
  • The climate is consistent all year round. There are no seasons.

Why is equatorial climate described as hot and wet?

Places near the equator experience maximum heat from the sun and therefore, experiencing warm to hot temperatures all the year except in hilly areas. The warm to hot temperatures lead to high moisture content in the atmosphere which results into high precipitation with two peaks of rainfall or bimodal rainfall.

What are the characteristics of hot desert climate?

The climate is very dry with less than 250 mm of rainfall a year. Hot deserts have two distinct seasons: summer, when the temperature ranges between 35-40°C, and winter, when the temperature ranges between 20-30°C.

What are the characteristics of equatorial vegetation?


The equatorial vegetation comprises a multitude of evergreen trees that yield tropical hardwood, e.g. mahogany, ebony, greenheart, cabinet woods and dyewoods.

How the equatorial and hot desert climate of Asia influence the characteristics of natural vegetation?

In equatorial regions, the year round high temperatures and abundant rainfall support plant growth all year round. Many different types of trees and other plants can be found growing in a relatively small area of rainforest. More species of plant can be found in a rainforest than in other type of plant community.

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What is modified equatorial climate?

4.1 Modified Equatorial Climate of the Coast

As the other equatorial climate in this region, this region has no dry season but has a well-developed double maximum rainfall in May and October. There is high average temperatures and humidity throughout the year.

What are the five characteristics of equatorial climate?

Description of the equatorial climate

They are hot and wet all year round – this creates a humid climate. The annual rainfall is high as it rains almost every day. The temperatures are constant all year round – the temperature range is usually only a few degrees. There are no seasons.

What is equatorial rain?

A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. They experience high mean annual temperatures, small temperature ranges, and rain that falls throughout the year. … A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot, very humid, and wet.

What are the characteristics of equatorial rainforest in Asia?

Conditions – Maximum sunlight, rain and wind. Temperatures are lower at night. Plants – epiphytes – plants living in tree crowns for light. Conditions – trees compete for light, nearly all rain intercepted.

Why are equatorial regions wetter?

The air above the Equator is very hot and rises, creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). …

What are the main economic activities in the hot and humid climate of equatorial region?

Answer: Agriculture and forest products existing in equatorial region have made industrial growth possible. Growing of perennial crops like coffee, palm oil, cocoa and tea due to heavy rainfall received throughout the year.

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