Biodiversity is a complex term that includes not only the variety of different animals (species diversity) but also the difference between animals of the same species (genetic diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
What is biodiversity within a species?
Genetic biodiversity is the variation in genes that exists within a species. … Ecological biodiversity is the diversity of ecosystems, natural communities, and habitats. In essence, it’s the variety of ways that species interact with each other and their environment.
Biodiversity is the sum of all the different species of animals, plants, fungi and microbial organisms living on Earth and the variety of habitats in which they live. … The array of living organisms found in a particular environment combined with the physical and environmental factors that affect them is an ecosystem.
What is the difference between species and biodiversity?
Biodiversity refers to the variety of life found in a place on the earth while species richness refers to the number of different species present in an ecological community, landscape or region. So, this is the key difference between biodiversity and species richness.
What is a simple definition of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What is biodiversity and examples?
The definition of biodiversity refers to the amount of diversity between different plants, animals and other species in a given habitat at a particular time. The different varieties and types of animals and plants that live in the ocean is an example of biodiversity. noun.
Why is biodiversity important to species?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being. It underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.
What is the example of species diversity?
What is The Example of Species Diversity? Species diversity is the measure of biological diversity observed in a particular ecological community indicating a number of species or species richness in an ecological community. Example – woodland forest comprising 4-5 different species of trees.
How do you explain biodiversity to a child?
Biodiversity is the rich variety of life on Earth. There’s variety in genes, variety among species, and a variety of ecosystems. Everything is interconnected, or dependent on everything else!
What are 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.