Characteristics of animal and plant species can be affected by factors such as climate, diet, accidents, culture and lifestyle. For example, if you eat too much food you will gain weight, and if you eat too little you will lose weight.
What is an example of environmental variation?
Genetic and environmental variation
For example, the weight of a dog is caused partly by its genes – inherited – and partly by what it eats – environmental. The height of a sunflower is caused partly by its genes and partly by how much light and water it gets.
What are the five sources of variation?
Genetic variation can be caused by mutation (which can create entirely new alleles in a population), random mating, random fertilization, and recombination between homologous chromosomes during meiosis (which reshuffles alleles within an organism’s offspring).
What are the three sources of variation?
The genetic diversity has three different sources: mutation, recombination and immigration of genes. Mutation is the driving force of genetic variation and evolution.
What are the 2 main sources of variation?
Natural selection acts upon two major sources of genetic variation: mutations and recombination of genes through sexual reproduction.
What is physical environmental variation?
Variations in the physical environment, such as temperature, light, and precipitation, depend upon the time of year, time of day, topography, and latitude.
What is environmental variation GCSE?
Environmental causes of variation
Characteristics of animal and plant species can be affected by factors such as climate, diet, accidents, culture and lifestyle. … A plant in the shade of a big tree will grow taller to reach more light. Other examples of features that show environmental variation include: scars.
What are the sources of variation during meiosis?
Genetic variation is increased by meiosis
Because of recombination and independent assortment in meiosis, each gamete contains a different set of DNA. This produces a unique combination of genes in the resulting zygote. Recombination or crossing over occurs during prophase I.
What is variation describe sources and types of variation?
There are three sources of genetic variation: mutation, gene flow, and sexual reproduction. A mutation is simply a change in the DNA. Mutations themselves are not very common and are usually harmful to a population. Because of this, mutations are usually selected against through evolutionary processes.
What are the four sources of genetic variation?
Overall, the main sources of genetic variation are the formation of new alleles, the altering of gene number or position, rapid reproduction, and sexual reproduction.
What are types of variation?
There are two forms of variation: continuous and discontinuous variation. Characteristics showing continuous variation vary in a general way, with a broad range, and many intermediate values between the extremes.
What are the sources of variation in quality control?
Sources of variation, its measurement and control
- Measurement error (reliability and validity) …
- Random error (chance) …
- Systematic error (bias) …
- Misclassification (Information bias)
What is the source or sources of genetic variation in bacteria?
Bacteria mainly reproduce asexually. Cells enlarge, copy their DNA, and divide into two new cells. The only source of variation, therefore, is mutation, and each mutation must accumulate with other mutations, one after another, before a new combination of genes is possible.
What is the most common source of genetic variation?
Random mutations are the ultimate source of genetic variation. Mutations are likely to be rare, and most mutations are neutral or deleterious, but in some instances, the new alleles can be favored by natural selection. Polyploidy is an example of chromosomal mutation.
What is a major source of genetic variation for bacteria and viruses?
The ultimate source of genetic variation is random mutation – changes in nucleotide sequences of DNA. They may involve only a single base pair – as in (A), or many – as in chromosomal mutations (B).