Why was the Arctic National wildlife Refuge established?

Through their efforts, the Refuge was originally established “For the purpose of preserving unique wildlife, wilderness and recreational values… .” In 1980 the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act renamed “Range” to “Refuge,” increased the total area of the Refuge to nineteen million acres, designated a …

Why is the Arctic Refuge important?

A PLACE OF TIMELESS WONDER. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge gives us a view of how life on our planet has evolved. Only the best-adapted species like polar bears and muskoxen can exist on the coastal plain. Here, winters last nearly nine months, and temperatures can drop to 60 degrees below zero.

Who established the Arctic national wildlife refuge?

Eisenhower established the 8.9 million acre Arctic National Wildlife Range in 1960. His successor, President Jimmy Carter, added to this effort in 1980. President Carter expanded the amount of land protected, designated much of the land as protected Wilderness, and renamed it the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

What happened to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge?

WASHINGTON — The Trump administration on Monday finalized its plan to open up part of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska to oil and gas development, a move that overturns six decades of protections for the largest remaining stretch of wilderness in the United States.

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Why do indigenous communities and conservationists want to protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge?

The decision forced the Tribes to choose between devoting limited time and resources to protect their communities during the global pandemic, or to protect their way of life from the catastrophic effects of fossil fuel development in the Coastal Plain.

Is the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge protected?

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is one of the largest protected areas in the world. The constantly changing landscape supports a diverse cycle of life.

When was the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge designated for protection?

On December 6, 1960, President Dwight Eisenhower made their vision a reality by establishing the 8.9-million-acre Arctic National Wildlife Range specifically for its “unique wildlife, wilderness, and recreational values.” In 1980, President Jimmy Carter continued this legacy by expanding the area, designating much of …

Who can live in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge?

In North America, our Arctic is populated by both the Inupiaq and Gwich’in. While both adventure seekers and residents travel within the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, there are two permanent villages whose livelihoods are tied to the Arctic Refuge and have been for thousands of years: Kaktovik and Arctic Village.

Why is the Arctic Refuge in danger?

Oil spills, climate change, fishing, shipping routes—threats facing Arctic seabirds are vast, and hard to track.

Did Biden stop drilling in the Arctic?

WASHINGTON — The Biden administration on Tuesday suspended oil and gas leases in Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, reversing a drilling program approved by the Trump administration and reviving a political fight over a remote region that is home to polar bears and other wildlife — and a rich reserve of oil.

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When did Arctic drilling start?

Russia makes the first major Arctic energy discovery in 1962 by uncovering the Tazovskoye Field. Shortly after, in 1968, the first US Arctic oil and gas discovery was made in the Prudhoe Bay field on Alaska’s North Slope.

Why should we save Arctic foxes?

SAVING THE ARCTIC FOX

Crafty, agile and well adapted to survive extremely low temperatures, this fox is an integral part of the Arctic ecosystems that circle the northern part of the planet. The last administration failed to protect many species on the brink of extinction. Help save them now.