How do wind and water affect the climate?
The dominant air currents that affect climate are known as prevailing winds. … For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.
How do wind and water affect the earth’s climate quizlet?
What effects do wind patterns have on climate? They move warm water toward the east. They change the amount of precipitation in an area and affect a region’s climate. They carry warm or cooled water very long distances.
How does wind affect a climate?
Wind carries moisture into an atmosphere, as well as hot or cold air into a climate which affects weather patterns. Therefore, a change in wind results in a change of weather. … Topography refers to the earth’s landscape, and variations in the landscape such as mountains would impact wind direction.
How do wind currents affect climate quizlet?
Currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. … A surface current warms or cools the air above it, influencing the climate of the land near the coast.
How does water affect the climate?
Large bodies of water such as oceans, seas, and large lakes affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than land. Therefore, in the summer, the coastal regions will stay cooler and in winter warmer. A more moderate climate with a smaller temperature range is created.
How winds and water influence and maintain the temperature resulting to a certain climate in a certain region?
Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … Land areas also absorb some sunlight, and the atmosphere helps to retain heat that would otherwise quickly radiate into space after sunset.
How do wind and ocean currents distribute warm and cold water or air to affect Earth’s climate quizlet?
Wind and ocean currents affect climate by distributing the sun’s energy around the planet in the form of heating and cooling. Large bodies of water moderate the temperatures of coastal areas. … Elevation affects Earth’s climate patterns because air cools as it rises.
How does Earth’s orbit affect the weather and climate quizlet?
— As the Earth takes a more circular orbit than normal around the Sun, it stays consistently farther away from the Sun thus reducing the amount of solar radiation the Earth receives. This path would produce much cooler climates than average.
How do changes in wind currents affect the short term climate in a region quizlet?
How do changes in wind currents affect the short-term climate in a region? … They change the amount of precipitation in an area and affect a region’s climate.
How does wind and air masses affect climate?
When winds move air masses, they carry their weather conditions (heat or cold, dry or moist) from the source region to a new region. When the air mass reaches a new region, it might clash with another air mass that has a different temperature and humidity. This can create a severe storm.
How does wind and pressure affect climate?
Answer: The Earth’s average pressure patterns and resulting winds influence climate patterns by: advecting temperature and moisture. causing areas of surface convergence and divergence.
What are the 5 factors affecting climate?
Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.
What role do wind and ocean currents play in climate quizlet?
What is The difference between weather and climate? … What role do wind and ocean currents play in climate? Ocean currents affect the temperature by moving hot or cold water from one location to another; prevailing winds bring cold or hot air from one location to another. How do latitude and altitude affect climate?
What three factors affect local climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How does the ocean affect climate quizlet?
Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.